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Karl Landsteiner Gesellschaft

Institute for traditional medicine

Institute head
Deputy
Advisory Board
  • Dr. Roswitha Bergsmann
    Specialist in psychiatry and neurology, regulatory medicine, hospital management
  • Dr. Gerhard Blasche
    MUW, psychologist and physicist
  • Mag. Christian Breitfuß
    Commercial consultant to the Institute, CEO of Wien Med spa facility
  • Prim. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hans Bröll
    Internal medicine and rheumatology consultant, medical head of the Rheumatism Centre at the Wien spa facility
  • Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr. Dagmar Eigner
    MUW, Austrian Society for Medical Anthropology
  • Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr. Cem Ekemkcioglu
    MUW, nutrition expert
  • HR Prof. Dr. Robert Fischer
    Head of the Health Policy Forum
  • Dr. Wolfgang Foisner
    Spa facility medical group, Bad Hofgastein
  • Dr. Bettina Kottas-Heldenberg
    General practitioner, phytotherapy, entrepreneur
  • Hongli Li, MPH
    TCM expert, guest professor Liaoning University for TCM, lecturer in hygienics at the Confucius Institute, University of Vienna; TEM, TCM
  • MPH-TCM HongYing Li-Reisek
    TCM expert, guest professor Liaoning University for TCM, lecturer in hygienics at the Confucius Institute, University of Vienna; TEM, TCM
  • Dr. Friedrich Marsch
    Technical Bureau For geology, Oberlungitz
  • Prof. Dr. Alexander Meng
    Neurology and psychiatry consultant, vice-president of the Austrian Acupuncture Society ÖGA, vice-chairman of TCM Psychology Specialty Committee of WFCMS, head of the Working Party for Traditional Chinese Massage ÖAT
  • Dr. Wolfgang Ortner
    Gynaecology consultant, 1st deputy chairman of the Austrian Medical Society for Neuraltherapy and Regulation Research
  • Präs. Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr. H. Tilscher
    Austrian Medical Society for Manual Medicine and conservative Orthopaedics
  • Franz Weichenberger, MBA
    Business consultant to the Institute, member of the executive board of "Alpentherme Gastein" spa facility and of the "Forschungsinstituts Gastein" research centre, partner and member of the executive board of the Gasteiner Heilstollen health facility, member of the advisory board of HotelInvest, co-founder of the European Health Forum Gastein
  • Prof. Dr. Jaroslava Wendlová
    Specialist for internal medicine at Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia), Member of the Slovak Medical Association, the Slovak Bioregenerative Medicine Association and Scientific Advisory Board of GAMED – International Academy for Holistic Medicine in Vienna
  • Karin Weissenböck
    Business consultant to the Institute, CEO of Moorheilbad Harbach, LebensResort Ottenschlag and Lebens.Med Zentrum Bad Erlach, head of the Waldviertel “Xundheitswelt”
  • Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kurt Widhalm
    President of the Austrian Academy Institute for Nutritional Medicine, President of the European Association for Research in Obese Children (EAROC)
Work at the Institute

Traditional medicine (TM) as a concept covers numerous methods of what is known as folk medicine, as established and transmitted in the cultures of various countries and regions of the world. The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines traditional medicine as “the knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, beliefs and experiences indigenous to different cultures used in the treatment and prevention of illnesses”, and in its Strategy Paper 2014 – 2023 placed the topic of TM at the focal point of the objectives to be achieved.

It is therefore an obvious step for the Institute for TM, for the purpose of an interactive dialogue and scientific bridge between traditional European and Chinese medicines, to make a major step forward by bringing together knowledge and pursuing joint research in order to intensify scientific work.

“Traditional European Medicine (TEM)” sees itself as the European integral traditional knowledge of healing, starting from Hippocrates and continuing up to the dawn of the modern age, and in accordance with the standards for salutogenetic holistic medicine for the effective implementation of this medical science and healing art. TEM is the collective term for a variety of diagnostic procedures, treatment methods and means used by doctors, naturopaths, non-medical therapists and in self-medication. Most of the methods have a long, and some a thousand-year-old, tradition.
Some of the contents and forms can be traced back to the ancient civilisations. The reformulation and re-accentuation of medicine, associated with the name Hippocrates of Kos, was determined in various Greek and Roman schools. Galenos recombined the plural approaches of these schools under the umbrella of a Hippocratic renaissance.
An important reformation in the field of TEM was implemented by Paracelsus, who reintroduced suppressed medical knowledge into the debate.
TEM includes inter-alia spa treatment, Kneipp treatment and balneology, physical medicine, regulatory medicine, diet and fungal medicine, climatotherapy, phytotherapy and monastic medicine, chronobiology and music therapy.

“Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)” sees itself as a holistic medical system that is applied to both preventive and curative ends. Its aim is to maintain or re-establish the healthy harmony between the body, the spirit and the soul. It is the oldest, most tested and most comprehensive medical system in the world. The roots of this medicine date back roughly 6000 years. It began with hermits collecting and testing medicinal herbs in the mountains. TCM was further developed as the ruling dynasties systematised the knowledge of these medicinal herbs and ultimately founded the first medical universities.
The holistic approach takes as its starting point the view that both the human organism and the relationship between man and nature form a single entity. The process begins with a discussion of the person's medical history. This discussion and diagnosis reveal the problems that are to be treated, and the methods to be used. TCM includes inter alia treatment methods such as acupuncture, acupressure and tui na, moxibustion, cupping, Qi Gong, nutrition therapy and herbal medicines

Activities such as research programmes, scientific projects and studies, events, conferences and the like are seen as the means of ensuring that the objectives set are achieved in the field of science and research.

Research in connection with TM primarily relates to whether and the extent to which the mode of action and the effects of traditional medical methods applied empirically can be evaluated with scientific objectivity and adequate methods. In addition, such research approaches can also examine whether new treatment methods can be developed on the basis of traditional methods, taking into account the current state of knowledge.

In the field of traditional medicine, which ultimately comprises a whole range of treatment methods that have developed in the various cultural regions, a substantial role is played above all by approaches to treatment from the field of diet, movement, the application of natural health-promoting substances and herbal medicines etc.
None of these methods have a priori a connection with the esoteric, but are easily compatible with today’s prevailing medical paradigms. The account taken of mental phenomena for health and illness is by no means the subject matter of esoteric considerations, but is also reflected in modern health systems, such as in the psychosocial approach.

Referring to a definition by the University of Vienna, science sees itself as a method that uses known fundamentals (literature and other information) to achieve a higher level of knowledge by means of systematic research (experiments, tests, verification of theories, etc.). Scientific research follows precisely defined methodological procedures and documents its own working processes in order to ensure that it can be verified independently. The verification of the scientific nature of a research process takes place within the framework of the international discussion at workshops, conferences and congresses, and through systematic criticism by specialist colleagues in scientific journals and other media (including today the radio, television and the Internet). Teaching (at universities but also in non-university courses and in schools) and popular scientific publications communicate current research results to the general recipient.
(Source: https://www.univie.ac.at)

Photos
Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr. Wolfgang MARKTL
Ao. Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr.
Wolfgang MARKTL
Univ.-Prof. Dr.
Univ.-Prof. Dr.
Richard CREVENNA, MBA MSc
Senator MR Dr.
Senator MR Dr.
Hannes SCHOBERWALTER